Republic of Yemen
National anthem of Yemen
is the national anthem of Yemen. Written by Abdallah "al-Fadhool" Abdulwahab Noman and composed by Ayoob Tarish, it was formerly the anthem of the Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) and became the anthem of all of Yemen when the two Yemens merged in 1990.
more information on United Republic
Map of Yemen
Basic information on Yemen
North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to a delimitation of their border.
||Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
||22,230,531 (July 2007 est.)
||three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; similar to the flag of Syria, which has two green stars in the white band, and of Iraq, which has an Arabic inscription centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Egypt, which has a heraldic eagle centered in the white band