Flag of Uruguay
Oriental Republic of Uruguay


National anthem of Uruguay

Orientales, la Patria o la tumba

The "National Anthem of Uruguay" is the longest national anthem in terms of duration (about five minutes).
more information on Orientales, la Patria o la tumba

Map of Uruguay

Map of Uruguay

Basic information on Uruguay

Montevideo, founded by the Spanish in 1726 as a military stronghold, soon took advantage of its natural harbor to become an important commercial center. Claimed by Argentina but annexed by Brazil in 1821, Uruguay declared its independence four years later and secured its freedom in 1828 after a three-year struggle. The administrations of President Jose BATLLE in the early 20th century established widespread political, social, and economic reforms that established a statist tradition. A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement named the Tupamaros, launched in the late 1960s, led Uruguay's president to cede control of the government to the military in 1973. By yearend, the rebels had been crushed, but the military continued to expand its hold over the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. In 2004, the left-of-center Frente Amplio Coalition won national elections that effectively ended 170 years of political control previously held by the Colorado and Blanco parties. Uruguay's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.
Location Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil
Population 3,460,607 (July 2007 est.)
Nationality noun: Uruguayan(s) adjective: Uruguayan
Flag description nine equal horizontal stripes of white (top and bottom) alternating with blue; there is a white square in the upper hoist-side corner with a yellow sun bearing a human face known as the Sun of May with 16 rays that alternate between triangular and wavy