Flag of Tunisia
Tunisian Republic

Tunisia


National anthem of Tunisia

Himat Al Hima

The text was written by Mustafa Sadiq Al-Rafi'i and Aboul-Qacem Echebbi. The music was composed by Mohammed Abdelwahab.
more information on Himat Al Hima



Map of Tunisia

Map of Tunisia

Basic information on Tunisia

Rivalry between French and Italian interests in Tunisia culminated in a French invasion in 1881 and the creation of a protectorate. Agitation for independence in the decades following World War I was finally successful in getting the French to recognize Tunisia as an independent state in 1956. The country's first president, Habib BOURGUIBA, established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In November 1987, BOURGUIBA was removed from office and replaced by Zine el Abidine BEN ALI in a bloodless coup. BEN ALI is currently serving his fourth consecutive five-year term as president; the next elections are scheduled for October 2009. Tunisia has long taken a moderate, non-aligned stance in its foreign relations. Domestically, it has sought to defuse rising pressure for a more open political society.
Location Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya
Population 10,276,158 (July 2007 est.)
Nationality noun: Tunisian(s) adjective: Tunisian
Flag description red with a white disk in the center bearing a red crescent nearly encircling a red five-pointed star; the crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam