Flag of Switzerland
Swiss Confederation


National anthem of Switzerland

Swiss Psalm

The "Swiss Psalm" is the national anthem of Switzerland.
more information on Swiss Psalm

Map of Switzerland

Map of Switzerland

Basic information on Switzerland

The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291 as a defensive alliance among three cantons. In succeeding years, other localities joined the original three. The Swiss Confederation secured its independence from the Holy Roman Empire in 1499. Switzerland's sovereignty and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers, and the country was not involved in either of the two World Wars. The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as Switzerland's role in many UN and international organizations, has strengthened Switzerland's ties with its neighbors. However, the country did not officially become a UN member until 2002. Switzerland remains active in many UN and international organizations but retains a strong commitment to neutrality.
Location Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy
Population 7,554,661 (July 2007 est.)
Nationality noun: Swiss (singular and plural) adjective: Swiss
Flag description red square with a bold, equilateral white cross in the center that does not extend to the edges of the flag