Flag of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico


National anthem of Puerto Rico

La Borinqueña

La Borinqueña (instrumental)
more information on La Borinqueña



Map of Puerto Rico

Map of Puerto Rico

Basic information on Puerto Rico

Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following COLUMBUS' second voyage to the Americas. In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the indigenous population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War. Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917. Popularly-elected governors have served since 1948. In 1952, a constitution was enacted providing for internal self government. In plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and 1998, voters chose not to alter the existing political status.
Location Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic
Population 3,944,259 (July 2007 est.)
Nationality noun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens) adjective: Puerto Rican
Flag description five equal horizontal bands of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bears a large, white, five-pointed star in the center; design initially influenced by the US flag, but similar to the Cuban flag, with the colors of the bands and triangle reversed