Flag of Panama
Republic of Panama

Panama


National anthem of Panama

Himno Istmeño

Himno Istmeño is the national and royal anthem of Panama (Spanish: Himno Nacional de Panama). The music was written by Santos Jorge, and the lyrics by Dr. Jeronimo de la Ossa.
more information on Himno Istmeño



Map of Panama

Map of Panama

Basic information on Panama

Explored and settled by the Spanish in the 16th century, Panama broke with Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador - named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When the latter dissolved in 1830, Panama remained part of Colombia. With US backing, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903 and promptly signed a treaty with the US allowing for the construction of a canal and US sovereignty over a strip of land on either side of the structure (the Panama Canal Zone). The Panama Canal was built by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement was signed for the complete transfer of the Canal from the US to Panama by the end of the century. Certain portions of the Zone and increasing responsibility over the Canal were turned over in the subsequent decades. With US help, dictator Manuel NORIEGA was deposed in 1989. The entire Panama Canal, the area supporting the Canal, and remaining US military bases were transferred to Panama by the end of 1999. In October 2006, Panamanians approved an ambitious plan to expand the Canal. The project, which is to begin in 2007 and could double the Canal's capacity, is expected to be completed in 2014-15.
Location Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica
Population 3,242,173 (July 2007 est.)
Nationality noun: Panamanian(s) adjective: Panamanian
Flag description divided into four, equal rectangles; the top quadrants are white (hoist side) with a blue five-pointed star in the center and plain red; the bottom quadrants are plain blue (hoist side) and white with a red five-pointed star in the center