Flag of Nigeria


National anthem of Nigeria

Arise O Compatriots, Nigeria's Call Obey

Arise O Compatriots (instrumental)
more information on Arise O Compatriots, Nigeria's Call Obey

Map of Nigeria

Map of Nigeria

Basic information on Nigeria

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country's history.
Location Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
Population 135,031,164 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Nationality noun: Nigerian(s) adjective: Nigerian
Flag description three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green