Islamic Republic of Mauritania
National anthem of Mauritania
National Anthem of Mauritania
The Mauritanian national anthem's (Arabic: نشيد وطني موريتاني
) words are taken from a 19th-century poem by Baba Ould Cheikh; the melody was written by Tolia Nikiprowetzky, and was adopted upon independence in 1960. The unusual and highly complex rhythm of the anthem makes it extremely difficult to sing. For this reason, the anthem is often (but erroneously) listed as wordless.
more information on National Anthem of Mauritania
Map of Mauritania
Basic information on Mauritania
Independent from France in 1960, Mauritania annexed the southern third of the former Spanish Sahara (now Western Sahara) in 1976, but relinquished it after three years of raids by the Polisario guerrilla front seeking independence for the territory. Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA seized power in a coup in 1984 and ruled Mauritania with a heavy hand for over two decades. A series of presidential elections that he held were widely seen as flawed. A bloodless coup in August 2005 deposed President TAYA and ushered in a military council that oversaw a transition to democratic rule. Independent candidate Sidi Ould Cheikh ABDALLAHI was inaugurated in April 2007 as Mauritania's first freely and fairly elected president. The country continues to experience ethnic tensions among its black population (Afro-Mauritanians) and White and Black Moor (Arab-Berber) communities, although the new government is attempting to ameliorate some of these tensions.
||Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara
||3,270,065 (July 2007 est.)
||green with a yellow five-pointed star above a yellow, horizontal crescent; the closed side of the crescent is down; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam