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Ireland


National anthem of Ireland

Amhrán na bhFiann

Amhrán na bhFiann (pronounced /ˈəuɾˠaːn̪ˠ nˠə ˈvʲiːən̪ˠ/) is the national anthem of Ireland. The song is also known by its English language title, The Soldier's Song, and as The National Anthem of Ireland (Irish: Amhrán Náisiúnta na hÉireann). Nowadays, the Irish language version of the song is usually sung. The Irish version is a translation of the earlier English version. The music was composed (as A Soldier's Song) by Peadar Kearney and Patrick Heeney, and the original English lyrics were authored by Kearney and subsequently translated into Irish by Liam Ó Rinn. The national anthem consists of the chorus only of Amhrán na bhFiann; the original also has several verses. The Presidential Salute played when the President of Ireland arrives at an official engagement, consists of the first four bars of the national anthem immediately followed by the last five. It is played without lyrics.


more information on Amhrán na bhFiann



Map of Ireland

Map of Ireland

Basic information on Ireland

Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. In 1948 Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland is being implemented with some difficulties. In 2006, the Irish and British governments developed and began to implement the St. Andrews Agreement, building on the Good Friday Agreement approved in 1998.
Location Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain
Population 4,109,086 (July 2007 est.)
Nationality noun: Irishman(men), Irishwoman(women), Irish (collective plural) adjective: Irish
Flag description three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and orange; similar to the flag of Cote d'Ivoire, which is shorter and has the colors reversed - orange (hoist side), white, and green; also similar to the flag of Italy, which is shorter and has colors of green (hoist side), white, and red