Republic of Guinea-Bissau
National anthem of Guinea Bissau
Esta é a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada
"Esta é a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada
" ("This Is Our Beloved Country
") is the national anthem of Guinea-Bissau. Written and composed by Amílcar Cabral, it was adopted upon independence in 1974. It was also the national anthem of Cape Verde until 1996, when a new anthem (Cântico da Liberdade) was chosen by the latter country.
more information on Esta é a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada
Map of Guinea Bissau
Basic information on Guinea Bissau
Since independence from Portugal in 1974, Guinea-Bissau has experienced considerable political and military upheaval. In 1980, a military coup established authoritarian dictator Joao Bernardo 'Nino' VIEIRA as president. Despite setting a path to a market economy and multiparty system, VIEIRA's regime was characterized by the suppression of political opposition and the purging of political rivals. Several coup attempts through the 1980s and early 1990s failed to unseat him. In 1994 VIEIRA was elected president in the country's first free elections. A military mutiny and resulting civil war in 1998 eventually led to VIEIRA's ouster in May 1999. In February 2000, a transitional government turned over power to opposition leader Kumba YALA, after he was elected president in transparent polling. In September 2003, after only three years in office, YALA was ousted by the military in a bloodless coup, and businessman Henrique ROSA was sworn in as interim president. In 2005, former President VIEIRA was re-elected president pledging to pursue economic development and national reconciliation.
||Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal
||1,472,780 (July 2007 est.)
||two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green with a vertical red band on the hoist side; there is a black five-pointed star centered in the red band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia