Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
National anthem of Ethiopia
Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya
"Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya"
(Amharic: ወደፊት ገስግሺ ውድ እናት ኢትዮጵያ, "March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia") is the national anthem of Ethiopia. The words are by Dereje Melaku Mengesha and music is by Solomon Lulu Mitiku. It was adopted in 1992.
more information on Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya
Map of Ethiopia
Basic information on Ethiopia
Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of the 1936-41 Italian occupation during World War II. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990's ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. The Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission in November 2007 remotely demarcated the border by coordinates, but final demarcation of the boundary on the ground is currently on hold due to Ethiopian objections to an international commission's finding requiring it to surrender territory considered sensitive to Ethiopia.
||Eastern Africa, west of Somalia
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
||three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and red with a yellow pentagram and single yellow rays emanating from the angles between the points on a light blue disk centered on the three bands; Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa, and the three main colors of her flag were so often adopted by other African countries upon independence that they became known as the pan-African colors