Republic of Cote d'Ivoire
National anthem of Cote d'Ivoire
(Song of Abidjan
) is the national anthem of Côte d'Ivoire. It was adopted in 1960 and remains the national anthem, even though the capital city is no longer Abidjan. The words are by Mathieu Ekra, Joachim Bony, and Pierre Marie Coty. Coty also composed the music along with Pierre Michel Pango.
more information on L'Abidjanaise
Map of Cote d'Ivoire
Basic information on Cote d'Ivoire
Close ties to France since independence in 1960, the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment made Cote d'Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the tropical African states, but did not protect it from political turmoil. In December 1999, a military coup - the first ever in Cote d'Ivoire's history - overthrew the government. Junta leader Robert GUEI blatantly rigged elections held in late 2000 and declared himself the winner. Popular protest forced him to step aside and brought runner-up Laurent GBAGBO into power. Ivorian dissidents and disaffected members of the military launched a failed coup attempt in September 2002. Rebel forces claimed the northern half of the country, and in January 2003 were granted ministerial positions in a unity government under the auspices of the Linas-Marcoussis Peace Accord. President GBAGBO and rebel forces resumed implementation of the peace accord in December 2003 after a three-month stalemate, but issues that sparked the civil war, such as land reform and grounds for citizenship, remained unresolved. In March 2007 President GBAGBO and former New Force rebel leader Guillaume SORO signed the Ouagadougou Peace accord. As a result of the agreement, SORO joined GBAGBO's government as Prime Minister and the two promised to work together to reunite the country by dismantling the zone of confidence separating North from South, integrated rebel forces into the national armed forces, and holding elections. Several thousand French and West African troops remain in Cote d'Ivoire to maintain peace and facilitate the disarmament, demobilization, and rehabilitation process.
||Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and Liberia
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
||three equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side), white, and green
note: similar to the flag of Ireland, which is longer and has the colors reversed - green (hoist side), white, and orange; also similar to the flag of Italy, which is green (hoist side), white, and red; design was based on the flag of France