Flag of Botswana
Republic of Botswana


National anthem of Botswana

Fatshe leno la rona

Fatshe leno la rona
more information on Fatshe leno la rona

Map of Botswana

Map of Botswana

Basic information on Botswana

Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.
Location Southern Africa, north of South Africa
Population 1,815,508 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Nationality noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
Flag description light blue with a horizontal white-edged black stripe in the center