Kingdom of Bahrain
National anthem of Bahrain
) (Arabic: نشيد البحرين الوطني
) is the national anthem of Bahrain. Two different versions were made with the same melody but with different words. The first one was used from the independence of Bahrain in 1971 until 2002, and the other was used since the country's ruler Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah declared himself as a king and his country a kingdom until the present.
more information on Bahrainona
Map of Bahrain
Basic information on Bahrain
In 1783, the al-Khalifa family captured Bahrain from the Persians. In order to secure these holdings, it entered into a series of treaties with the UK during the 19th century that made Bahrain a British protectorate. The archipelago attained its independence in 1971. Bahrain's small size and central location among Persian Gulf countries require it to play a delicate balancing act in foreign affairs among its larger neighbors. Facing declining oil reserves, Bahrain has turned to petroleum processing and refining and has transformed itself into an international banking center. King HAMAD bin Isa al-Khalifa, after coming to power in 1999, pushed economic and political reforms to improve relations with the Shi'a community and Shi'a political societies participated in 2006 parliamentary and municipal elections. Al Wifaq, the largest Shi'a political society, won the largest number of seats in the elected chamber of the legislature. However, Shi'a discontent has resurfaced in recent years with street demonstrations and occasional low-level violence.
||Middle East, archipelago in the Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia
note: includes 235,108 non-nationals (July 2007 est.)
||red, the traditional color for flags of Persian Gulf states, with a white serrated band (five white points) on the hoist side; the five points represent the five pillars of Islam