Republic of Angola
National anthem of Angola
(Forward Angola!) is the national anthem of Angola. It was written by Manuel Rui Alves Monteiro (1941-) and composed by Rui Alberto Vieira Dias Mingas (1939-).
more information on Angola Avante
Map of Angola
Basic information on Angola
Angola is rebuilding its country after the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but UNITA renewed fighting after being beaten by the MPLA at the polls. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - in the quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and strengthened the MPLA's hold on power. President DOS SANTOS has announced legislative elections will be held on September 5 and 6, 2008, with Presidential elections planned for sometime in 2009.
||Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo
||12,263,596 (July 2007 est.)
||two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and black with a centered yellow emblem consisting of a five-pointed star within half a cogwheel crossed by a machete (in the style of a hammer and sickle)