Flag of Andorra
Principality of Andorra


National anthem of Andorra

El Gran Carlemany

El Gran Carlemany (The Great Charlemagne) is the national anthem of Andorra. Written by Enric Marfany Bons (1871-1942) and composed by Joan Benlloch i Vivo (1864-1926), it was adopted in 1921.
more information on El Gran Carlemany

Map of Andorra

Map of Andorra

Basic information on Andorra

For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Urgel). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the titular heads of state retained, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. Long isolated and impoverished, mountainous Andorra achieved considerable prosperity since World War II through its tourist industry. Many immigrants (legal and illegal) are attracted to the thriving economy with its lack of income taxes.
Location Southwestern Europe, between France and Spain
Population 71,822 (July 2007 est.)
Nationality noun: Andorran(s) adjective: Andorran
Flag description three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red with the national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; the coat of arms features a quartered shield note: similar to the flags of Chad and Romania, which do not have a national coat of arms in the center, and the flag of Moldova, which does bear a national emblem